Heist nomination for a recent project!

I’m pleased to say a recent massive project I worked on to launch a new Courses website for the University has been nominated for a Heist Award.

The courses website is built within a Wagtail site, using some Django Views and some Wagtail features, and talks to a GoLang based API.

I was only one of many in the project team which consisted of IT and Marketing people working together. It was a tough project at times, doing things we’d never done before, but at the same time a lot of fun, and a bonus to get even just a nomination!

Some Wagtail V1 Streamfield examples

Ok, firstly just to say StreamField is amazing, it adds so much flexibility for adding content onto a page, the way its been developed makes it so versatile.

I’ve started upgrading one of our existing article pages within our Wagtail CMS to use StreamField. Streamfields can get long so I’ve put it into its own custom tab (another V1 feature).

I’m going to show some example of blocks and how I’ve used them below because at the moment there aren’t too many examples out there. Once people realise how good this CMS and its StreamField feature is, there will be loads more trust me.

First of all I added a SF to my page model ‘Article’ but also don’t forget to add (below) at the top of your models.py :

from wagtail.wagtailcore.fields import StreamField
from wagtail.wagtailcore import blocks
from wagtail.wagtailimages.blocks import ImageChooserBlock
from wagtail.wagtailembeds.blocks import EmbedBlock
from wagtail.wagtailadmin.edit_handlers import FieldPanel, FieldRowPanel,MultiFieldPanel, \
    InlinePanel, PageChooserPanel, StreamFieldPanel


class ArticlePage(Page):
    page_content = StreamField([
        ('heading', blocks.CharBlock(classname="full title",icon="title")),
        ('paragraph', blocks.RichTextBlock()),
        ('image', ImageChooserBlock(icon="image")),
        ('two_columns', TwoColumnBlock()),
        ('three_columns', ThreeColumnBlock()),
        ('embedded_video', EmbedBlock(icon="media")),
        ('google_map', GoogleMapBlock()),
        ('image_carousel', blocks.ListBlock(ImageCarouselBlock(),template='yourapp/blocks/carousel.html',icon="image")),


You can see there are some of the standard built in block types there, like heading,paragraph and image, but also some custom ones. I’ll go through some of these next.

Google Map Block

We often need to place a map or two on a page, up until now that was in fixed position within a template, but now they can be added in any order and also in columns (see next bit). So the code to define the block referred to above is :

class GoogleMapBlock(blocks.StructBlock):
    map_long = blocks.CharBlock(required=True,max_length=255)
    map_lat = blocks.CharBlock(required=True,max_length=255)
    map_zoom_level = blocks.CharBlock(default=14,required=True,max_length=3)

    class Meta:
        template = 'yourapp/blocks/google_map.html'
        icon = 'cogs'
        label = 'Google Map'

This is based on a StructBlock and just has three fields for the google map template. It’s very simple like the Twitter one from a previous post.

The template is something like this: (google_map.html)

<script src="http://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js"></script>
function initialize() {
  var mapProp = {
    center:new google.maps.LatLng({{ self.map_lat }},{{ self.map_long }}),
    zoom:{{ self.map_zoom_level }},
  var map=new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("googleMap-{{ self.map_lat }}{{ self.map_long }}"),mapProp);
google.maps.event.addDomListener(window, 'load', initialize);

<div id="googleMap-{{ self.map_lat }}{{ self.map_long }}" style="width:100%;height:380px;"></div>

Because there maybe any number of Maps added through streamfield, you need to make sure the mapID is unique-ish, so I’ve used the long/lat values to form the ID, assuming the same map isn’t added twice, a timestamp would be another way to prefix the ID (as I’ve done in the image gallery later on)

Also this loads the Google Map API JS each time a map is used, so best to add that just once somewhere else, ideally conditionally, I’ve put it within the block template just for example.

Two Column Block

class TwoColumnBlock(blocks.StructBlock):

    background = blocks.ChoiceBlock(choices=COLOUR_CHOICES,default="white")
    left_column = blocks.StreamBlock([
            ('heading', blocks.CharBlock(classname="full title")),
            ('paragraph', blocks.RichTextBlock()),
            ('image', ImageChooserBlock()),
            ('embedded_video', EmbedBlock()),
            ('google_map', GoogleMapBlock()),
        ], icon='arrow-left', label='Left column content')

    right_column = blocks.StreamBlock([
            ('heading', blocks.CharBlock(classname="full title")),
            ('paragraph', blocks.RichTextBlock()),
            ('image', ImageChooserBlock()),
            ('embedded_video', EmbedBlock()),
            ('google_map', GoogleMapBlock()),
        ], icon='arrow-right', label='Right column content')

    class Meta:
        template = 'yourapp/blocks/two_column_block.html'
        icon = 'placeholder'
        label = 'Two Columns'

Again this is based on a StructBlock, but now we have two fields that use StreamBlock type, which allows nesting more block types within. You can define which blocks are then allowed in each column. This is really useful as in some implementations you wouldn’t probably want users to add say a wide image gallery into a narrow column. This block also has a background ChoiceBlock field to define a background colour class which gets applied to the entire row DIV that holds the two columns of StreamBlocks.

Here is the template:

<div class="row {{ self.background }}">

      <div class="col-md-6">
           {% include "yourapp/includes/sf_blocks.html" with blocks=self.left_column only %}
      <div class="col-md-6">
           {% include "yourapp/includes/sf_blocks.html" with blocks=self.right_column only %}


and the include that renders the blocks:

{% load wagtailcore_tags wagtailimages_tags %}

{% if blocks %}

						{% for block in blocks %}
						    {% if block.block_type == 'heading' %}
						        <h1>{{ block.value }}</h1>
						    {% elif block.block_type == 'image' %}
						        {% image block.value width-900 class="img-responsive" %}
						    {% else %}
						       <section class="block-{{ block.block_type }}">
						           {{ block }}
						    {% endif %}
						{% endfor %}

{% endif %}

This template code gets used in a few places so I made it as an include.

Image Gallery/Carousel

This is based on a StructBlock but gets used as part of a list block (remembering back to our SF in the model)

        ('image_carousel', blocks.ListBlock(ImageCarouselBlock(),template='yourapp/blocks/carousel.html',icon="image")),

It’s a simple image carousel with just an image and a caption.

class ImageCarouselBlock(blocks.StructBlock):
    image = ImageChooserBlock()
    caption = blocks.TextBlock(required=False)

    class Meta:
        icon = 'image'

The template for this uses Royal Slider to render the images in a nice interface. It refers to specific Royal Slider CSS and JS, you’ll need to replace this with your specific slider code etc

{% load wagtailimages_tags static block_tags %}

	{% timestamp as id_prefix %}

	  <link rel="stylesheet" href="{% static "yourapp/css/sw_carousel.min.css" %}" />

	  <div class="container-carousel">

	      <div id="{{ id_prefix }}-gallery" class="royalSlider rsDefault visibleNearby">

		 {% for item in self %}

	            {% image item.image height-400 as carouselimagedata %}
	            <a class="rsImg" data-rsw="{{ carouselimagedata.width }}" data-rsh="{{ carouselimagedata.height }}"  href="{{ carouselimagedata.url }}">
	  				    {{ item.caption }}

		 {% endfor %}



	  // Important note! If you're adding CSS3 transition to slides, fadeInLoadedSlide should be disabled to avoid fade-conflicts.
	  jQuery(document).ready(function($) {
	    var si = $('#{{ id_prefix }}-gallery').royalSlider({
	      addActiveClass: true,
	      arrowsNav: true,
	      controlNavigation: 'none',
	      autoScaleSlider: true,
	      autoScaleSliderWidth: 900,
	      autoScaleSliderHeight: 250,
	      loop: true,
	      fadeinLoadedSlide: false,
	      globalCaption: true,
	      keyboardNavEnabled: true,
	      globalCaptionInside: false,
	      visibleNearby: {
	        enabled: true,
	        centerArea: 0.4,
	        center: true,
	        breakpoint: 650,
	        breakpointCenterArea: 0.64,
	        navigateByCenterClick: true


This template uses an assignment tag from block_tags.py which creates a timestamp number which is used to prefix the gallery ID. This is in case there is more than one gallery on a page. The ID is used in the HTML and then the JS for the slider. The assignment tag looks like this:

    def timestamp():
        dt = datetime.now()
        ts = dt.microsecond
        return str(ts)

Please let me know by commenting if I’ve done anything crazy or there is a better way, hopefully these example may assist someone else as a starting point to using StreamField in Wagtail.

Official StreamField docs : http://docs.wagtail.io/en/v1.0b1/pages/streamfield.html

Hopefully I will add another post soon on using StreamField for a Parallax image block, Instagram Feed and a pull out quote maybe.

My first DjangoCon

Screen Shot 2015-06-03 at 20.36.58DjangoCon Europe 2015 was my first DjangoCon, held in Cardiff City Hall and Cardiff University, luckily Cardiff is where I live so the traveling was easy!

There were some great talks and I learnt a lot, it’s given me a whole array of things I need to look into now.

Highlights for me were Baptiste Mispelon’s adventures in Djangoland, the tales of someone living a much bolder and exciting life than me ūüė¶ Also Peter Finch the poet gave a very entertaining talk on Cardiff, which was a nice way to end the opening day’s morning talks.

After lunch we got to experience the 24-hour free #django emergency hotline, with the legendary doismellburning, apollo13 and MarkusH, who enacted it live in the room, I haven’t seen anything like this before and was more interesting than just a normal talk, plus it made me realise there is a lot more Django support and help out there that I haven’t known about.

Erik Romijn’s talk on Django security was very good, and I need to try his Online Django Security Checker on a few websites, it’s at https://www.ponycheckup.com/ check it out!

Ola Sendecka, the key note speaker on Tuesday gave a well presented talk on¬†the dangers that rabbit holes present to the programmer,¬†Stefan Foulis’ talk on Docker was interesting for someone who has so far only used Vagrant, Stefan talked about the advantages of Docker, and gave a thorough talk with many examples.

In the afternoon on Tuesday¬†Kat Stevens presented her talk ¬†‘The Full Stack Octopus’, all about being the only developer in a company, this really made me appreciate getting to work in a team, I really admire Kat she has to cover a lot of areas in her job.

Loek Van Gent gave one of my favourite talks entitled ¬†‘True beauty is on the inside, but users are shallow’, all about front end development. There was a lot of talk at the conference generally about separating out the front end of app or sites, using things like Ember, the slides of his talk can be found here¬†http://www.slideshare.net/LoekvanGent/shallow

Wednesday’s highlights for me were¬†Ludvig Wadenstein’s talk ‘Better web applications through user testing’, this talk made me realise how we could be doing more regular user testing and the benefits, also he outlined a relatively straight forward way to do this on a monthly basis. Although the ‘Testing Chamber’ sounds a little frightening, check out his presentation slides here¬†http://ludw.se/~ludw/user_testing.pdf

The after lunch CMS panel talked about the state of the CMS in Django, with Iacopo Spalletti and Tom Dyson from the django CMS and Wagtail teams, this was too short for my liking I would have liked more CMS talk, but that’s just because CMSes are my thing, and obviously I’m already a big Wagtail fan!

Ana Balica’s ‘Demystifying mixins with Django’ was really good, even during the talk It made me think of something I’d recently worked on that could benefit from mixins, and though I have used them, maybe I could use them a bit more actually.

DjangoCon 2015 was a great event and these are just some of my personal highlights!


Adding a Twitter Widget for Wagtail’s new StreamField

Wagtail‘s latest feature is called the ‘StreamField’, currently only available in the 1.0 Beta 1 version, but clearly a bit of a Django CMS game changer.

It allows the editor to assemble a flow of page content of varying types (‘Blocks’ defined by the developer) in any order / combination they wish, kind of a Sir Trevor / Tumblr style affair. ¬†It comes with a good selection of default block types, but it’s easy to repurpose these to create things like a Twitter Widget block.

In this guide I’m going to add a StreamField to an existing page class, which allows the user to add headers, paragraphs, images and a Twitter Widget to the page in any iteration they choose. The Twitter Widget I’m talking about is the one you can generate from your twitter settings by going to¬†https://twitter.com/settings/widgets when logged in.

The user will be able to specify their twitter username, widget ID and a limit to how many latest tweets to display. The same principle could be applied for also adding Soundcloud, Instagram or whatever widgets, especially useful if you want a social media rich page, which has your content mixed in with feed content from the social media sites you use.


I like things laid out in easy clear steps, I’m a bit slow I guess ūüė¶ so here goes… (Bare in mind the code may change, but this works for the current incarnation)

First off, add this class to your models.py

At the top I had to add (modify the edit_handlers Panels as you need, but you will obviously need the StreamFieldPanel for this)

from wagtail.wagtailcore.fields import StreamField
from wagtail.wagtailcore import blocks
from wagtail.wagtailimages.blocks import ImageChooserBlock
from wagtail.wagtailadmin.edit_handlers import FieldPanel, FieldRowPanel,MultiFieldPanel, \
 InlinePanel, PageChooserPanel, StreamFieldPanel


class TwitterBlock(blocks.StructBlock):
    twitter_box_username = blocks.CharBlock(required=True)
    twitter_box_widget_id = blocks.CharBlock(required=True)
    twitter_box_tweet_limit = blocks.CharBlock(required=True,max_length=2)

    class Meta:
        template = 'yourapp/blocks/twitter.html'
        icon = 'cogs'
        label = 'Twitter Widget'

We’re just making our own class based on the¬†StructBlock (one of the built in types) and setting up the fields we need for our widget. The other thing I like is you can specify a template for your widget at this point, and choose an Icon, I’ve gone with a Cog, but there are plenty of others. The Label is useful to tell the users what it is once it’s part of the interface.

Next go to your page class where you want the StreamField to appear, and add the code below with other existing fields.

class ArticlePage(Page):

content = StreamField([
        ('heading', blocks.CharBlock(classname="full title")),
        ('paragraph', blocks.RichTextBlock()),
        ('image', ImageChooserBlock()),
        ('twitter', TwitterBlock()),


This sets up our content field which can have a Header, Paragraph,Image or twitter widget.

 Then, so it appears in the admin, add it to the correct panel

ArticlePage.content_panels = [
    FieldPanel('title', classname="full title"),


At this point you’ll need to create and apply migrations for the new field. (If you’re replacing a body field with a Streamfield, you might want to think about adding a new field as we’ve done here rather than changing the existing body field. This will allow your editors to migrate the main page content from the old rich text field into the new StreamField one)

./manage.py makemigrations
python manage.py migrate

The final step is to obviously take care of the templating part!

You’ll need to add a new folder called ‘blocks’ in the template folder of your app, in the location we referenced earlier when defining the block, then create twitter.html as below.

&lt;div class="twitter-widget"&gt;

{% if self.twitter_box_username %}

    &lt;a class="twitter-timeline" href="https://twitter.com/{{ self.twitter_box_username }}" data-widget-id="{{ self.twitter_box_widget_id }}" data-tweet-limit="{{ self.twitter_box_tweet_limit }}"&gt;Tweets by {{ self.twitter_box_username}}&lt;/a&gt;
    &lt;script&gt;!function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],p=/^http:/.test(d.location)?'http':'https';if(!d.getElementById(id)){js=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src=p+"://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js";fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document,"script","twitter-wjs");&lt;/script&gt;

{% endif %}


Then of course the main template for your page that has the new StreamField content will need to be changed. Add this code below whereever you want the content StreamField to appear. There a few ways of outputting the blocks, I’ve chosen one from the Wagtail examples where I get a bit more control, for more examples go to http://docs.wagtail.io/en/v1.0b1/pages/streamfield.html#template-rendering

 {% for block in self.content %}
     {% if block.block_type == 'heading' %}
         &lt;h1&gt;{{ block.value }}&lt;/h1&gt;
     {% elif block.block_type == 'image' %}
         {% image block.value width-400 %}
     {% else %}
        &lt;section class="block-{{ block.block_type }}"&gt;
            {{ block }}
     {% endif %}
 {% endfor %}

Hopefully this might help someone, let me know of any mistakes.

Upgrading Wagtail to use Django 1.7 locally using vagrant

These are the steps I followed to upgrade an existing Wagtail 0.8.3 which was using Django 1.6 to use 1.7. It wasn’t that obvious to me so I’ve detailed the steps here.

This assumes you’re using Vagrant locally, to test things, I cloned a new local version of our site in case it went wrong, which it did a few times before I got it right.

The steps may differ depending on how you set things up, and if you’re using additional/different Python modules etc

Firslty make these changes in the wagtail project :

Edit base.txt in requirements, and remove south, set django to 1.7, set taggit to use 0.12.0

Edit base.py in settings (and any other settings files) and remove south from installed apps.

Delete all the old south numbered migrations but leave the migration folder and the __init__.py file (Migrations are now handled with Django,and will be remade from scratch, so you don’t need the old south ones)

Also it’s worth checking through the Wagtail release notes to make sure you’ve checked the upgrade considerations related to Django 1.7, they can be found here :¬†http://docs.wagtail.io/en/latest/releases/index.html

then to get it running locally using vagrant:

Go to your vagrant folder for the project, ¬†do vagrant destroy if you’re not working from scratch.

Ignore this warning when it appears at various points :
RemovedInDjango18Warning: `MP_NodeManager.get_query_set` method should be renamed `get_queryset`.
class MP_NodeManager(models.Manager):

vagrant up
vagrant ssh
cd /vagrant

(next 3 steps assume you have existing data for your local vagrant in a sql file, skip otherwise)

dropdb -Upostgres <dbname>

createdb -Upostgres <dbname>

psql -Upostgres foxtail -f<dbname>.sql

./manage.py makemigrations
./manage.py migrate –fake

That’s it, these steps worked for me, hopefully they’ll be some help.

For more info on Django 1.7 and migrations – https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.7/topics/migrations/#upgrading-from-south

Outputing JSON for a model with properties and db fields in Wagtail/Django

I thought I’d share this example because it took me ages to figure out how to output JSON for a model which included a model property as well as the actual fields of the model. For our footer links we had a property called ‘link’ in the snippet which would return either a full URL or a relative link to a Wagtail CMS page. If we just tried to return link_page directly without the link property we’d just get the ID of the page, this wouldn’t be any use to us in the JSON.

This example uses a comprehension list to get the model property and model fields together.
In the models.py for the footer snippet:

class MainFooterLink(models.Model):

 link_title = models.CharField(max_length=255)
 link_url = models.URLField("Link URL", blank=True)
 link_page = models.ForeignKey(
 order_rank = models.IntegerField(default=1)

 panels = [

 def __unicode__(self):
 return self.link_title

 def link(self):
 if self.link_page:
 return "<your base URL here>" + self.link_page.url
 return self.link_url


Define your view function (make sure to import json and HttpResponse):

def footer_json(request):

footerlinks = MainFooterLink.objects.all().order_by('order_rank')

the_links = []
the_links = [{'title':s.link_title, 'link':s.link , 'order':s.order_rank} for s in footerlinks]

return HttpResponse(json.dumps(the_links, sort_keys=True, indent=4, separators=(',', ': ')), mimetype='application/json')

Bi-lingual website using Wagtail CMS.

We’re now using Wagtail for our main website where I work and by law we need to have a Welsh version of the site. So English and Welsh are the two languages we needed. In this example of our approach I’ll outline how to get a simple, easy bi-lingual website going with wagtail. Some of this code and approach is based on Karl from Torchbox’s tutorial, but we didn’t need multiple languages only two, and there is no automatic selection of language based on your locale.

For this to work your second language site must live within the main site, as a parent page with all of the second language pages living from that page. In our example within the top level of the main site, is a page called ‘Hafan’ (Home in Engish) with a slug of ‘cymraeg’. So basically everything that lives of that slug is considered to be a Welsh Page.

For the content editor the process goes something like this:

  • Add an English page where ever in the main site.
  • Add a Welsh page somewhere within the /cymraeg part of the site as a child or grandchild page (Wagtail’s content is in a tree)
  • When editing the Welsh page (using Wagtails useful page browsing interface panel) link to the equivalent English page. (If the pages are the same template type, then you only need to link in one direction, but if you want to form a relationship betweent two different page types, that’s fine but you need to link in both directions, i.e from the English page also choose the Welsh version of the page)
  • In the front end on any page that has a Welsh/English version of itself, a link will appear saying ‘Read this page in English, or the same in Welsh)
  • When a Welsh page is viewed the template elements know to change to show Welsh items, e.g the Navigation, breadcrumbs footer

How to code this approach (the Basics)

Firstly in your models.py add this mix-in class :

class TranslatablePageMixin(models.Model):

 translated_link = models.ForeignKey(Page, null=True, on_delete=models.SET_NULL, blank=True, related_name='+')

 class Meta:
 abstract = True

Now in any pages types that need a Welsh version add the mix-in

class ArticlePage(Page, TranslatablePageMixin):
body = RichTextField(blank=True)

in the content_panels for that page type remember to add a Page Chooser for the translated version of the page (other wise you won’t get the nice Wagtail page chooser UI appearing in the edit view of the page) :


That’s all you need to do in the models.py bit, obviously you need to run your migrations stuff to make the new database changes happen.

Next you’re going to need a template tag which will produce the ‘View this page in….’ link to the correct translated page.

So in your site’s yourapp_tags.py define an inclusion tag :

@register.inclusion_tag('yourapp/tags/translated_link.html', takes_context=True)
def view_this_page_in(context, calling_page=None):

 # First see if calling page has the link set
 if calling_page.translated_link:
 translated_version = calling_page.translated_link
 # next see if a page of same type has relationship to calling page
 if type(calling_page).objects.filter(translated_link=calling_page).count()>0:
 translated_version = type(calling_page).objects.filter(translated_link=calling_page).first().specific
 # else return nothing, dont bother looking through other models.
 translated_version = []
 if welsh_site(context):
 link_text = "View this page in English"
 link_text = "Darllenwch y dudalen hon yn y Gymraeg"
 return {
 'translated_version': translated_version,
 'link_text': link_text,
 # required by the pageurl tag that we want to use within this template
 'request': context['request'],

 except Exception as e:
 return {
 'translated_version': [],
 'link_text': "",
 # required by the pageurl tag that we want to use within this template
 'request': context['request'],

And the HTML bit  (translated_link.html) :

{% load yourapp_tags wagtailcore_tags %}

{% if translated_version %}

 <div class="container-translate">
 <div class="container">
 <div class="row">
 <div class="col-md-12">
 <a href="{% pageurl translated_version %}">{{ link_text }}</a>

{% endif %}

Basically this will look to see if the calling page already has a link to the translated version, if so just use that, but if not check if a page in the tree has a link pointing back to our calling page, if so use that. It could look through all the types of pages, but there might be too many database calls depending on how many page types you’ve setup. So if you’re linking two different page types just link both directions.

This Inclusion tag also needs a function called welsh_site which returns true or false. ¬†It uses this to know if you’re in the Welsh site or not, to then pass back the link title in the correct language. ¬†It’s also used from the template too but more on that in a bit. Here’s the code :

def welsh_site(context):
 request = context['request']
 if "/cymraeg" in request.get_full_path():
 return True
 return False

Place this in your base template where you’d like the ‘View this page in’ link to appear (remember to load your yourapp_tags.py) :

{% view_this_page_in calling_page=self %}

The last thing you need to do is to make any elements in the templates/includes change based on if they’re being used in the Welsh site or not, so for example in my footer include, I use the assignment tag again to change the footer statement.

 {% welsh_site as welsh %}
 {% if welsh %}
 <p class="reg">&copy; Prifysgol De Cymru. Mae Prifysgol De Cymru yn elusen gofrestredig. Rhif yr elusen 1140312.</p>
 {% else %}
 <p class="reg">&copy; University of South Wales. The University of South Wales is a registered charity. Registration No.1140312</p>
 {% endif %}

If your site generates it’s top navigation from the pages in the tree, like the Demo wagtail site, you’ll need to modify the inclusion tag responsible for the top nav items. You’ll only want the main Welsh pages as your navigation if you’re in the Welsh site. So basically if you’re in the welsh site, and a welsh homepage exists, then create an instance of the Welsh homepage, then get it’s children. If you’re not in the Welsh site then use the original wagtaildemo bit.

@register.inclusion_tag('yourapp/tags/top_menu.html', takes_context=True)
def top_menu(context, parent, calling_page=None):

 if welsh_site(context) and has_welsh_homepage():
 welsh_home = welsh_homepage()
 menuitems = welsh_home.get_children().filter(live=True,show_in_menus=True)
 menuitems = parent.get_children().filter(live=True,show_in_menus=True)

 for menuitem in menuitems:
 menuitem.show_dropdown = has_menu_children(menuitem)
 return {
 'calling_page': calling_page,
 'menuitems': menuitems,
 # required by the pageurl tag that we want to use within this template
 'request': context['request'],

This inclusion tag needs two other functions:

def has_welsh_homepage():
 if Page.objects.filter(slug='cymraeg').count() > 0:
 return True
 return False

def welsh_homepage():
 return Page.objects.filter(slug='cymraeg').first().specific
 return []

These functions require your second language home page (in our case Welsh) to have a set slug, ours is ‘cymraeg’.

We also made our footer use different types of snippets if the Welsh site’s being served by the template, and also our breadcrumbs checks if it’s being used in the Welsh site, so it can have a different first base crumb.

But basically it’s one set of templates and base that delivers both English and Welsh pages, through one site. It’s far from a perfect approach, but it’s flexible and was quick and easy to get going under a tight deadline.

Please let me know if you spot any problems with the code, or have any suggestions or comments.